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Recognizing And Preventing Skin Cancer

Recognizing and Preventing Skin Cancer

Skin cancer is one of the most common types of cancer and one of the easiest cancers to recognize. Skin cancer can develop anywhere on your body, including the bottom of your feet and even on your lip, so it is important to examine yourself regularly. 

Types of skin cancer

It is important to understand the different types of skin cancer and how they generally appear. The different types of skin cancers and how to recognize them:

Basal and Squamous Cell Carcinoma 

Both cancers are often found in areas exposed to the sun, such as the arms, neck, chest, shoulders and face but can also occur elsewhere on the skin. Basal cell carcinoma appears as a small pearly bump that resembles a flesh-colored mole. You may also see shiny pink or red patches that are slightly scaly. Squamous cell carcinoma may appear as flat brownish or reddish patches on the skin, usually with a rough or scaly surface.


Signs of melanoma include a new spot on the skin or a change in size or color of an existing mole. Risk factors for melanoma include:

  • UV light exposure
  • Moles
  • Fair skin, freckling and light hair
  • Family history of melanoma
  • Having a weakened immune system
  • Age

Merkel Cell Skin Cancer

Merkel cell carcinoma is a rare type of skin cancer that usually presents as a flesh-colored or red nodule, often on the face, head or neck. 

Kaposi Sarcoma 

Kaposi sarcoma presents as red or purple patches that grow under the skin, in the lining of the mouth, nose and throat, in lymph nodes or in other organs. The patches are made of cancer cells, blood vessels, and blood cells.

How can I prevent skin cancer?

While skin cancer can form for many reasons, including family history, a weakened immune system and age, protecting your skin from UV radiation is one of the best practices to prevent skin cancer. The Skin Cancer Foundation recommends:

  • Remain in the shade
  • Wear sunscreen every day
  • Avoid sunburn
  • Avoid tanning 
  • Cover the skin while in the sun 
  • Keep infants out of the sun
  • Examine your skin head-to-toe every month

At UNIFONTIS, we treat cancer through all stages using a combination of vaccine therapy, hyperthermia, and aspirin infusion. To schedule a consultation with the medical director at UNIFONTIS, email us at

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