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Overview

The body fights disease through the lymphatic system, which consists of the lymph nodes, spleen, thymus gland and bone marrow. Lymphoma is a cancer that affects these parts of the immune system, beginning in lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell. Lymphocytes are key components of the immune system, helping the body to fight disease.

Since lymphoma begins in the lymphatic system, it is usually quick to metastasize or spread to other areas, most often the liver, bone marrow or lungs.

There are two types of lymphoma: Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin. Non-Hodgkin is more common, accounting for 95% of lymphoma cases. It typically begins when a T or B lymphocyte becomes abnormal. As the cell continues to divide, it creates more abnormal cells, leading to cancer.

Causes

There is no known cause of lymphoma, although some doctors believe that one may be at an increased risk if they have a weakened immune system or have had certain types of infections.

Symptoms

Some people with lymphoma may not experience any symptoms at all. Others may experience viral-like symptoms such as:

  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fever
  • Night sweats
  • Coughing
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Pain or swelling in abdomen

As lymphoma spreads quickly through the body, it weakens the immune system, decreasing the body’s ability to defend itself against foreign material. Therefore, people with lymphoma may be at greater risk of developing infections, further weakening their body.

Treatment

At UNIFONTIS, we treat both Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma through all stages using a combination of vaccine therapy, hyperthermia, and aspirin infusion. Our integrative approach allows us to utilize a variety of innovative treatment options to give our patients their best fighting chance against cancer.

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